On November 6, many public schools will be filled with voters instead of students. People across the United States will be casting votes on Election Day. They’ll be choosing the leaders who will represent them in different levels of the government.
This year’s elections are called midterms. That’s because they’re taking place midway through the president’s four-year term. President Donald Trump isn’t running this year, but many other people are. At the federal level, voters will be choosing many of the men and women who will represent them in Congress. That’s the branch of the U.S. government that makes laws.
Congress is divided into two parts: the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate (see “Congress Close-Up”). Voters will elect candidates to all 435 positions, called seats, in the House of Representatives. In the Senate, 35 out of 100 seats are up for grabs.