For decades, experts debated what did the dinosaurs in. Some said it was a freezing ice age. Others argued that it was hot lava from volcanoes. Some had goofier guesses—like aliens kidnapping the dinosaurs!
Evidence discovered in 1977 strongly suggests that the asteroid killed the dinosaurs. Scientists found a rare metal in Earth’s crust. It dates back to when the dinosaurs became extinct. The metal, called iridium, is rare in Earth rocks. But it’s common in asteroids.
In 1990, a giant crater, or hole, was also found deep underwater near the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico. It showed the location of the asteroid strike. But no fossils were ever found to link the dinosaurs to the asteroid.
“Everybody’s always said, ‘Your theory sounds really good, but where are the bodies?’” explains Burnham. “Well, we just found them.”