Chávez was determined to end the struggles farmworkers faced. In 1962, he co-founded a group that later became the United Farm Workers union.
“It was all about fairness and respect,” says Paul Chávez. He is César’s son and president of the César Chávez Foundation. “He said, ‘Once they see us as human beings and respect us, the rest will follow.’”
Chávez also used other nonviolent methods in his fight. In 1965, he took on the owners of California grape farms. He encouraged their workers to strike, or refuse to work. He helped launch a boycott, convincing people to stop buying grapes. To bring even more attention to his cause, Chávez led the 1966 march to Sacramento.
“When he marched, he inspired people to go out and exercise their rights,” Paul Chávez says.
Ten years later, thanks in large part to Chávez’s tireless work, California passed
a new law. It allowed farm laborers to form unions and to bargain for fair pay and better working conditions.